To whom do the following Event Rules apply?
Although some details in the following content apply to the Full Distance athletes, the general information as well as general USAT rules and REDMAN specific details apply to all of the 2013 events. Please read the content carefully to identify that any information is specific to your distance. In addition, the Event Schedule and Maps may contain answers to your specific event not addressed in this section.
It is mandatory that you bring ALL of the following with you to REDMAN registration:
Official Photo ID, Passport or Drivers License – NO ID – NO PACKET!
USAT Card (In the event you do not have a valid USAT card with you, you will be required to purchase a one day USAT membership)
If you do not bring these items with you, you will NOT be able to pick up your race bag.
You must come in person, and you cannot pick up for anyone else, NO EXCEPTIONS!
1. Start at the USAT membership/ID station. Show your USAT card or pay the one day $12.00 fee and sign the waiver.
2. Clydesdale and Athena divisions weigh (if part of current race protocol)
3. Pick up Race Bag. Your race bag will contain the following:
- Race Numbers: Bike Frame Number, Bike Helmet Numbers; to be placed on the front of your helmet, Run Bib Numbers; to be worn on the front of the athlete during the run.
- Swim Cap
- Athlete Accreditation Wristband: it is MANDATORY that you wear your wristband at ALL TIMES! This is the only pass that you will receive to get into all race areas and any awards events. You will not be able to enter any of these areas without your wristband!
- Safety Pins: Most athletes utilize a race belt, in the event that you do not, safety pins will be available in the event there are none in your race bag.
- Full Distance Bags-
- Currently the bags included in your race bag are printed in a format that allows for you to designate the use of the bag by checking the appropriate box. You will also be able to write your number on the top of the bag with a Sharpie for our volunteers to easily locate the bage for you. In the event we this protocol changes we will also print and include stickers that you may attach to your own bag. In this event, please clearly attach these numbers to the SWIM TO BIKE TRANSITION BAG (T1), BIKE TO RUN TRANSITION BAG (T2), BIKE SPECIAL NEEDS BAG, RUN SPECIAL NEEDS BAG.
In the special needs bags athletes can put in the following: BIKE SPECIAL NEEDS, anything special that you will require while on your bike ride, from nutrients or anything special. RUN SPECIAL NEEDS, Nutrients and anything else that you feel you might need during your marathon run. You should also consider putting in an old, throw away shirt and pants as you may want them for after the sun goes down.
NOTE: Upon closure of the bike course, bike special needs bags will be transported to the Full Distance changing tents, located in the SE corner of the transition area, along with your T1 and T2 bags. Every effort will be made to gather personal items on each course. Any remaining personal items will be available in the Gear Claim Area on Saturday and then again on Sunday morning. Any unclaimed items after noon on Sunday will be considered forfeited property.
Label your Gear:
Please label every piece of clothing and gear, including both shoes with your first and last name, before leaving home. Remember to also label all race morning warm-up clothing.
REDMAN will be timed using a chip timing system. Every athlete will be issued a chip . In the event that the chips are not disposable, you must report to the timing table the morning of the race. You cannot race without your chip. If you have any problems or issues with your chip, please see a staff member or go to the timing trailer.
The information table will be open during the normal hours of the packet pick up. This is where you will go if you have questions about the race course, transition area and or cut off times for the race.
Mandatory Pre Race Meeting:
YOU MUST ATTEND THIS MEETING! The race course and rules will be explained to you by USAT Officials and Race Organizers. This is the perfect time for you to ask any specific questions you may have. Athletes whose first language is that other than English may stay after the meeting to ensure that they understand all rules and have had all of their questions answered thoroughly.
This Pre Race Meeting is essential if you are an athlete who has not competed in more than 3 Triathlons of any given distance. It is even more vital for those that are competing as a team. Eliminate your anxieties and confusion by making this a priority for each team member.
Bike Check-In & Gear Bag Check-In:
BIKE CHECK-IN to the transition area must occur after registration on Friday between the hours of 1:00 and 9:00 pm
We strongly encourage athletes, as a courtesy to the volunteers, to check in all bags (Special Needs, etc.) on Friday night as well.
RACE DAY TRANSITION CHECK-IN (Bags Only, No Bikes) is open from 5-6:30am.
ONLY ATHLETES!!! with ID bands may enter the REDMAN transition area.
Swim Course & Rules:
Course Length: 2.4 Miles / 3.8 km Start Time: 7:15 am Cut Off Time: 9:45 am / 2.5 hours from the start of the race 1. Each swimmer must wear the swim cap that is provided for you 2. No flotation devices of any kind allowed, no fins, no aqua socks and no paddles 3. Swim goggles, a face mask and even a snorkel may be worn 4. No individual escorts are allowed in the water with you, the swim course will be monitored by kayaks and life guards. 5. Wetsuits are recommended for REDMAN as the water temperature for our event is typically in the 70's. 6. You will not be penalized or disqualified for asking for or using assistance during the swim. 7. The swim course will close 2.5 hours from the start of the race, at 9:45 am. ANY ATHLETE ELECTING NOT TO RACE MUST NOTIFY THE TIMING TENT IMMEDIATLEY. Our first concern is for the safety of each and every swimmer. A complete search of the swim course will be made following in the last swimmer on the course. Visual assistance will be provided by the life guards & kayaks.
Swim to Bike Transition:
After exiting the swim, you have the option to have your wet suit stripped. Following the wet suit strip, proceed through swim exit. Full distance athletes then proceed to the change tents. Athletes may dress for the bike portion of the race in the tents or at their rack! We do strongly urge you to consider the impact your changing may have on traffic through the bike lanes. This suggestion is for your safety as well as our race staff. NO PUBLIC NUDITY ALLOWED! Personal nutrients are permitted if carried on your person, in a front pack or in your gear bag. Sunscreen will be available in the changing tents.
Full Bike Course & Rules:
Course Length: 112 Miles / 180 km Cut off Time: 6:30 pm. (We begin dismissing Security at 4:30 and course breakdown begins at 5:30)
Drafting and other Position Fouls:
Rules issued by the USAT are productive and essential to fair competition. They are also constantly modified in order to be appropriate for the ever changing world of triathlon. In light of this we encourage you to click through to the following link for the current USAT rules that govern our event. Please read them thoroughly and understand them completely to ensure your self the safest race and one without penalty.
Race Numbers: Athletes must wear their race numbers at all times while on the race course. Race numbers issued by REDMAN identify the official contestants in the race. A bike frame number will be issued for placement on the bike frame and must remain on the bike throughout the race. Folding, cutting or intentional alteration of any kind, or failure to wear the race number is strictly prohibited and may result in disqualification.
Helmets: All athletes must wear protective head gear while on the bike. See USAT guidelines for additional information to avoid disqualification.
Individual Support: No individual support of any kind is allowed. Ample aid and food stations will be provided. Friends, family members, coaches or supporters of any kind may NOT bike or drive alongside athletes, may not pass food or other items to athletes and should be warned to stay clear of all athletes to avoid the disqualification of an athlete. Bags will be provided for the Special Needs Station located near mid-point on bike course.
Bike Repair: Each athlete will be INDIVIDUALLY RESPONSIBLE for any repairs or maintenance of your bike. Each athlete should be prepared to handle the repair needs or mechanical breakdown of your bike. Technical vans/roving bike support will be on the course to assist with emergency repairs whenever possible, such as replacement of tubes, tires, chains, etc. Technical vans will roam the course throughout the day, but are limited in number. Be prepared! If you require medical assistance, medical vans will pick you up and take you back to the medical tent, where you will receive treatment. If you have a technical problem or have bonked then the medical vans and technical vans will only take you to the next aid station. The Sag vehicles can take you back to the transition area if you still require it. We will not leave any athlete stranded on the road. We will have radios to contact ambulances and medical assistance. If you have a problem, please go to an aid station for further help.
Bikers are expected to heed directions and instructions of all race officials, Oklahoma City Police officials and public officials.
Athletes may walk your bike if you need.
Bike Inspection: Athletes are responsible for your own bikes, and making sure that your bike is in working order.
Headsets and headphones are not allowed during any portion of the event. You will be disqualified if an occurrence is found!!
Bike Course Closure: The bike course will close 6:30 PM. Bike Aid Stations are located approximately every 10 miles. It is your responsibility to slow for safety for safe nutrient line handoffs. There will be water, Endurance Formula Gatorade, Clif Bars, Hammer Gels and Hammer Endurolytes. It is very important that you do not toss water bottles, sponges, cups or nutrient bags on the side of the road or along the bike course. Bike bottles must be tossed toward the bottle drop at the entrance and or exit of each aid station. Any athlete seen purposely discarding anything from their bike, will be disqualified from the race. A progressive time penalty will be assessed for any athlete inadvertently or unknowingly discarding trash or lost water bottles, equipment (tires, tubes) on the course. Bike Special Needs Bags will be available near (3 miles) the turnaround point of the bike.
Bike to Run Transition
Full Medical facilities will be available to you at the bike to run transition. Athletes requiring or needing medical assistance at this point in the race may not be allowed to continue. The Medical Director’s decision is final. Please inform friends and relatives to stay off the Bike/Run Course for athlete safety.
Marathon Course & Rules Course Length:
26.2 Miles / 42km Cut Off Time: 12:15 am / 17 Hours from start of race
You can only Run, Walk or Crawl to the finish. No other form of movement will be allowed.
Runners, you must wear your race number at all times while on the run course. Race numbers issued by REDMAN identify you as an official athlete participating in this race. Altering the race number in anyway, by cutting, tearing, folding or marking in any way, is PROHIBITED, AND MAY RESULT IN DISQUALIFICATION! Race Numbers must be worn on the front of the athlete/runner where it is clearly visible at all times.
No individual support vehicles or non-participant escort runners (NO PACING) are allowed on the run course. This is an individual endurance event, and this applies to all “Relay Teams”. If you are part of a Relay Team, which ever leg of the event you are doing, either swimming, biking or running, these portions are still an individual endurance portion and your team members are not allowed on the race course to assist you in any way. Individual support vehicles or non-participant escort runners will result in your disqualification. A non-participant escort runner also includes participants who have withdrawn from the race or who have been disqualified, athletes that have already finished the race, or members of your Relay Team who have already finished their portion of the race. Friends, family members, coaches or supporters of any type may not bike, drive or run alongside athlete, may not pass food or other items to athlete and should be told and warned to stay completely off race course and clear of all athletes to avoid the disqualification of an athlete. It is the athlete’s responsibility to reject any attempts to follow or assist you. It is allowed for an athlete who is still competing to run with other athletes who are still competing in the race.
Runners are expected to follow the direction and instruction of all race officials, volunteers and public authorities.
Contestants will still be on the run course after dark. Self illuminating light-sticks/glow sticks will be available at all run stations. All athletes still on the run course after dusk will be required to carry or attach at least on one light-stick/glow stick for the remainder of the race.
REDMAN race course will close 17 Hours from the start of the race at 12:15 am. Runners still on the run course after 12:15 am will be given the opportunity TO FINISH THEIR INDIVIDUAL RACE. Run stations are located approximately every mile and the mileage is marked. At each aid station, there will be water, Endurance Formula Gatorade, Clif Bars, Hammer Gels, Hammer Endurolytes, bananas, salt cubes, sugar cubes and boiled potatoes. The run special needs bags will be near the 13.1 mile point, at the R1 aid station. It is encouraged that you put an old sweater/sweatshirt in your gear bag and tie it around your waist during the remainder of the run; you may need it as air temperatures drop quickly after sundown. Upon closure of the run course, run special needs bags will be transported to the Full distance changing tents located in the SW corner of the transition area. Every effort will be made to gather personal items on each course. Any remaining personal items will be available in the Gear Claim Area on Saturday and then again on Sunday morning. Any unclaimed items after noon on Sunday will be considered forfeited property.
POST RACE INFORMATION:
Medals and finisher's shirts will be presented to you at the finish line!
All awards/certificates will be issued at the designated awards ceremonies (Please see schedule)
You must file your protest within 60 minutes of finishing the race. Advise the RD, USAT Official, or timing company employee if you wish to file a protest.
Walk at least five minutes prior to getting a massage. This will help in the prevention of cramping. Pick up your dry clothes bag and change immediately out of your wet clothes. NOW you are ready for your massage.
Transition area is designed for easy viewing access for friends and family members without them actually being inside the transition area. Only race crew persons displaying security tags will be allowed inside the transition area. Please note that due to this rule, your family and friends must wait outside the transition area until you are ready to join them.
POST RACE EQUIPMENT PICK UP
Following your massage, transition crews will be available to assist you in claiming your gear. Athletes will have the opportunity to pick up their bike and equipment at various times throughout the event. Please listen for the announcement to be made and quickly enter and exit the transition area to not impede other athlete’s still progressing to their next discipline.
LOST AND FOUND
Lost and found items will be available for claiming at the South end of transition until Sunday afternoon.
NOTE: numbering every item with your race number will assist in the return of your items to you.
Information and Communication:
1. There will be a designated area for REDMAN information and communications.
2. There will be information about athletes on the course, dropouts, injuries, and will be posted when available along with results.
3. Personal messages will be posted here, but we cannot guarantee delivery of messages.
4. A Medical Information Board will be posted here as well for urgent messages. Please review this board periodically throughout race day, if your athletes’ number is posted, speak to a volunteer member who will assist you in providing more information regarding their circumstances.
5. The Finish Line area is a very congested and fast paced. In order to maintain athlete safety, NO family, children, spouses, friends, fans, etc will be allowed into the finish line area/chute.
6. You will be able to reunite with your athlete after they have finished the race. Athletes and families can get together for photos and hugs outside the transition area. To avoid frustration for your group, you should have a pre-planned meeting place.
7. The Information area will also serve as a reunite area for racers and their families and friends.
To ensure the health and safety of the athletes competing in REDMAN Triathlon, years of planning has been undertaken by dozens of professionals. Ultra endurance athletes face specific medical conditions unique from the day-to-day problems people face. Review the following information. Be prepared, through appropriate training, knowledge and prevention, you are your best ally for a safe and healthy race.
A Full-Distance triathlon pushes the physical limits of human endurance, beyond what the body can withstand. Yet race statistics are an outstanding 92% of completing the race. Still, many athletes need medical care on race day.
Several conditions have been documented in triathletes:
1. Dehydration: To maintain an adequate circulatory volume and blood pressure, triathletes must ingest an adequate amount of fluid replacement. During the course of a race this intense, it can be difficult to drink enough. Dehydration may cause cramping, muscle ache or other performance derailing symptoms. You may feel more fatigued. A dehydrated athlete may have problems related to temperature, and balance. Adequate rehydration is a balance. Know your own body, use what has worked for you in the past during training. Also note, that ingesting excess free water may cause other problems, such as disturbances of your electrolytes.
2. Respiratory/Asthma: If you have a history of breathing problems and difficulties or wheezing when exposed to allergies, please consult your doctor about possible prevention measures.
3. Temperature problems/Hypothermia: The weather is predicted to be warm/hot, or it may be cool with rain, or it could possibly be unseasonably cold with rain and or snow showers. Bring extra gear, stay hydrated and be flexible, even the weatherman does not always know what is in store for us with the weather forecast.
4. Trauma: Avoid it at all costs. Be aware of other traffic on the bike and run course. Check your bike brakes, to make sure they are in working order, check your tires and check your helmet.
5. Special Conditions: If you have special medical concerns, such as allergies, or chronic medical problems, please bring them to the attention of the race medical staff so we can be prepared if you need emergency medical care. If you have a medical alert tag, please wear it. Also, please note any special conditions on your registration application. Help us to help you and be prepared.
There will be a medical tent in the base area, near the finish line. In addition there will be medical personnel at the run turnaround, at the bicycle maintenance and fluid “hand up” (located West of the turnaround on the bike course) and a medical professional will be stationed within/or on a vehicle that will roam the bike course. Medical supplies will be available at every aid station on the bike and run course. Seeking medical care does not automatically result in medical disqualification. After discussion, the following rules and decisions have been made for the REDMAN race, to ensure the athletes’ safety:
1. Intravenous Fluid Replacement: Because of the large number of REDMAN registration, we expect the Medical tent to be used to its fullest extent. Please expect that there will be strict guidelines for IV fluid replacement. This is to ensure that the sickest or neediest athletes will receive immediate and efficient medical treatment on arrival at the medical tent. Whenever possible, oral fluid replacement will be given in preference to IV fluid replacement. Please abide by the decision of our Triage team in this regard.
2. Late Finishers: If you finish the race after midnight, please be aware that there will be only a skeleton medical staff on stand-by at the medical tent. Also note that treatment at the hospital is expensive so please make sure you have valid medical insurance.
3. Family and Friends at the Medical tent: No family or friends unless authorized by the Medical Director, will be allowed access to the Medical Tent. Because we expect the medical tent to be used to its fullest capacity we will not have room for anyone other than athletes and medical staff. Rest assured that you will be given prompt and continuous reports and updated of an athlete’s condition at Information area.
4. Fluid Replacement: Important, you should know your own fluid replacement needs and requirements. Do not overextend yourself on race day, we want you to enjoy your REDMAN experience and finish the race safely!
SEVERE HYPONATREMIA IN ULTRA ENDURANCE ATHLETES:
CAUSES, PREVENTION AND EARLY DETECTION:
There have been many athletes with symptomatic hyponatremia (low blood sodium concentration).
Severe hyponatremia is rare but a life-threatening complication of ultra endurance athletic events.
WHAT IS HYPONATREMIA?
To remain healthy, the body requires the concentration of sodium to be regulated within a very narrow range. The body achieves this through the kidneys, which are able to adjust the concentration of sodium in the blood by varying the amount of water released from the body. To do this, when deprived of water, the body secretes a hormone called anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) which instructs the kidneys to conserve water. On the other hand, when an excess of water has been ingested, ADH secretion is shut off, allowing the kidneys to release the extra water. ADH may be secreted in amounts that are inappropriate to the body’s needs for water conservation. For example, some vomiting and nausea and severe pain can cause ADH to be released beyond the body’s normal needs, resulting in abnormal water retention and lowing of the serum sodium concentration. Mild hyponatremia may cause no symptoms, or may be associated with headache and mild confusion. As serum sodium concentration fails, headaches may be become more severe, and confusion more obvious, to the point of disorientation with unusual and inappropriate behavior.
In severe cases, severe hyponatremia can lead to collapse, convulsions, and rarely death.
CAUSES OF HYPONATREMIA IN ULTRA ENDURANCE ATHLETES:
Experienced Ultra Endurance Athletes know that dehydration is one of the greatest risks they face, and have learned to overcome this through proper and ample fluid replacement during races. We know now, that it is possible to over hydrate your body. Less experienced athletes are at the greatest risk, however even the most fit and well trained athletes may develop hyponatremia.
CONTRIBUTING FACTORS TO HYPONATREMIA
Some of the following factors should be considered in explaining the complex subject of hyponatremia. Note that not all ultra distance athletes respond in the same way to the stress of endurance races: 1. Conditioning/Training: Less trained or conditioned athletes are at the highest risk. Factors could include, increased water intake, trapping of fluid in the guy, more frequent nausea and vomiting and prolonged race time.
2. Excessive ingesting of water to replacement solution: All athletes should determine and know their own fluid replacements needs during racing and training, and should be warned not to exceed these needs during a race.
3. Trapping of fluid in the Intestinal Tract: Sustained intense work outs can shut down normal gut function, which allows for the replacement of fluids ingested to accumulate in the gut. After the race or sustained work out the gut will resume functioning, this may lead to rapid absorption of a large volume of fluid, suddenly lowering your blood sodium concentration to possibly dangerous levels.
4. Inappropriate ADH Secretion: Nausea, vomiting and severe pain are triggers for ADH release. These symptoms can be more severe in less trained and conditioned athletes.
5. Non Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs): There are many examples of this group of drugs, some of which can be purchased without prescription. These drugs can contribute to hyponatremia by a direct action on the kidneys.
6. The type of fluid replacement used does not seem to be a factor. It is the other factors listed above, related to conditioning, volume of fluid intake, gut trapping of fluid, pain and or nausea and vomiting, and NSAIDs which may set the stage for hyponatremia. Again, each athlete should know his or her own preferred replacement fluid and how much to ingest, how to use it properly, and do not make changes to that during training or racing. All REDMAN competitors are responsible for medical expenses arising from their participation in REDMAN, either from an accident or illness. Ambulance transfers to the hospital and treatments in the Emergency Room are very expensive and competitors should ensure that they have full medical insurance coverage. Payment by check or cash upon discharge from the hospital will be necessary. The reason for this is many insurance companies will not pay claims for out of country residents, but may reimburse the patient for medical expenses incurred. You may want to call your health insurance company and find out their policies on this.
The following services will be provided at no charge/cost to REDMAN athletes:
1. Ambulance coverage on the race course 2. Ambulance transport from the race course to the medical tent at the transition area 3. Volunteer time donated by doctors, nurses, massage therapists, on the race course and in the medical tent 4. All medical supplies received either on the race course or in the medical tent
REDMAN competitors are urged to purchase proper medical insurance coverage in preparing for participation in REDMAN.
REDMAN hopes you train safe, and we look forward to seeing you at the starting line in 2014!!